Named after the Monastic Order of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, which was founded sometime around 1048. In 1123 the monks of the hospital formed themselves into a military body the Order of Knights of St John of Jerusalem, these warrior monks protected pilgrims heading for the Holy Land. Their English headquarters were set up here in the 12thCentury and the church and the gatehouse still stand. The gatehouse, which was rebuilt in 1504 was the only part of the priory to survive the dissolution. It is the HQ of the St John’s Ambulance Brigade.
Bacon Smokehouse, 44-46 St. John Street, EC1M 4DF
Small-scale bacon smokehouses are rare nationally and even more so in London where this example is, just up the road from the Smithfield meat market. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, smokeries moved to larger-scale industrial facilities, leaving the smaller examples defunct. Although the building has been converted to offices, its original function is still evident in the racks on the upper part of the building and in the external walkways which allowed the monitoring and control of smoke levels by means of sliding circular shutters. (listed Grade II)
NORTHAMPTON PLACE, EC1 Name Abolished 1866, see ST. JOHN STREET.
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