This was previously known as Nags Head Lane after the former public house in Enfield Town. However no doubt influenced by the Temperance movement the Enfield Local Board of Health re-named it Southbury Road on August 18, 1882 after the field name. Two of the earliest references were in 1420 when it was written as Southberyfeld and in 1610 as Southburyfeld. Although the new name was by no means certain a minority on the board wanted to call it Great Eastern Road. Before its enclosure in 1806 the road existed as two small lanes, one from Ponders End, the other from Enfield Town. The two halves were not linked until after enclosure. The Enfield Town end was usually known as Nags Head Lane but sometimes called Oldbury Lane. The eastern end was known as Farm Lane. In 1572 the western end was called Bury Lane. Southbury Road was widened to take trams in 1909.
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