Named after Philip Herbert (October 10, 1584 – January 23, 1650), 4th Earl of Pembroke, a royal favourite of both James I and Charles I. In 1612 the former granted him the keepership of Elsyng Palace, which had already been partly demolished to be used as materials for nearby Theobalds House. What remained, including the gatehouse and hall, was occupied by Herbert, then Earl of Montgomery. Following his older brother’s death in 1630 he was made Earl of Pembroke and his time was diverted remodelling Wilton House. Elsyng probably began to fall into disrepair and in 1641 Charles I sold it to Pembroke.
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