Named after Sir Nicholas Carew (circa 1496–3 – March 1539) who was granted the Manor of Coulsdon, previously held by the abbey of St Peter, Chertsey, by Henry VIII following the dissolution of the monasteries in 1537. But two years later it was forfeited when he was alleged to have taken part in the Exeter Conspiracy, a plot to overthrow the Monarch and replace him with the pro-Catholic Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter. Queen Mary returned the estate to Sir Nicholas’s only son, Francis. When he died without a male heir in 1589, Queen Elizabeth I granted the estate to his nephew, Edward Darcy.
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