Croydon means the valley of the crocuses. It is a throwback to the medieval crop that grew here saffron (Crocus sativus), which was used for dyeing and medicinal purposes. The association was made before the Norman Conquest of AD1066, with the name Crogedene first mentioned in AD809 by the time of the Domesday Book of AD1086 this had mutated to become Croindene. Directional, meaning the road leading to and from Croydon.
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